The number of non-cardinally orientated temples and pyramids in Latin-America, from Mexico down to Peru, is often attributed to be the result of possible orientations to the magnetic pole. It is argued by several researchers (Fuson 1969, Carlson 1975, Klokočník, 2010) that structures could have been oriented by means of a lodestone compass or a similar instrument.
However, by gathering and analyzing 157 separate sites in Latin-America, from Mexico down to Peru, it appears that there is, in contrast to former researches, no distinct relation between orientation and the location of the wandering magnetic pole (McElhinny and McFadden, 2000).
Over 90% of the ancient sites in Latin-America are oriented East of True North (clockwise oriented). Coincidence or topography cannot cause this. What possibly could have made researchers assume that magnetic compasses had been used to orient the structures? They reason that, because the magnetic pole wanders around the geographic pole, this could be the cause of such a deviant orientation.
A square or rectangular building can be uniquely oriented within a range of 90°. We cannot determine which side of a pyramid or temple is the main side, other than by an assumption. It is argumentative to say that an alleged main side of a temple was, as an example, oriented to the East of the rising Sun. This kind of assumption pollutes many of the researches done in this field, making most conclusions useless. Therefore, our research is solely focused on the orientation of the Latin-American pyramids and temples as a square or rectangle with respect to the Cardinals, without making assumptions or expecting certain conclusions.
It is safe to conclude that there is no correlation between the orientation of the Latin-American pyramids and temples and the wandering magnetic pole. Our research concludes that the Latin-American pyramids and temples were oriented to an astronomical or geological phenomenon other than the wandering magnetic pole.
You can download the full paper here: On the Orientation of Latin-American Pyramids and Temples V2
© Mario Buildreps
Proofreading and editing: J.B.