The amount of non-cardinal orientated temples and pyramids in Latin-America, from Mexico down to Peru, is often attributed as the result of a possible orientation to the magnetic pole. It is argued in several researches (Fuson 1969, Carlson 1975, Klokočník, 2010) that structures could have been oriented by means of a lodestone compass or a similar instrument.
However, by gathering and analyzing 157 separate sites in Latin-America, from Mexico down to Peru, it appears there is, in contrast to former researches, no distinct relation to be found between orientation and the location of the wandering magnetic pole (McElhinny and McFadden, 2000).
Over 90% of the ancient sites in Latin-America are oriented East of True North (clockwise oriented), which cannot be caused by coincidence or topography. That made researchers believe magnetic compasses could have been used to orient the structures. Because the magnetic pole wanders around the geographic pole, when using a compass this could be the cause of such a deviant orientation.
A square or rectangle building can be uniquely oriented within a range of 90°. We cannot know other than as an assumption which side of a pyramid or temple is the main side. It is assumptive to argue that an alleged main side of a temple was for example oriented to the East of the rising Sun. These kind of assumptions pollutes many of the researches done in this field making most conclusion useless. Therefore is this research solely focused on the orientation of the Latin-American pyramids and temples as a square or rectangle in regard to the cardinals, without making assumptions towards the conclusions.
There is no correlation found between orientation of the Latin-American pyramids and temples and the wandering magnetic pole. This research concludes that the Latin-American pyramids and temples were oriented to an astronomical or geological phenomenon other than the wandering magnetic pole.
You can download the full paper here: Orientation of Latin-American Pyramids and Temples
© 2017 by Mario Buildreps