Nuraghes belong to one of the most mysterious ancient buildings in the world. An unknown civilization, called the Nuragic civilization, built over 7,000 stone structures on Sardinia, an island of the size of Sicily. The Nuragic civilization appears to be way older than previously believed, way beyond our imagination.
What is a Nuraghe?
Most people believe that Nuraghes are astronomical aligned structures. But to say which kind of astronomical purpose they exactly served is completely unknown. Researches to their orientation show they peak at around an azimuth of 150°. The current Summer and Winter solstices in Sardinia occur respectively around 58.5° and 121.5. There’s clearly no match to make between their orientation and the solstices, nor to any of the current cardinals.
Nuraghes show also peaks in declination between 40° and 44° which has led to speculations they might have been oriented to Alpha Centauri. Why an alleged primitive culture would point their towers to one of the many stars light years away remains unanswered.
Most researchers split Nuraghes into two parts: simple Nuraghes and complex Nuraghes. This article will deal only with the simple Nuraghes. It will solve the two most prominent questions, why and when.
What Was the Function of a Nuraghe?
Wikipedia about Nuraghes: “There is no consensus on the function of the nuraghes: they could have been rulers’ residences, military strongholds, meeting halls, religious temples, ordinary dwellings or a combination of the former. Some of the nuraghes are, however, located in strategic places – such as hills– from which important passages could be easily controlled. They might have been something between a “status symbol” and a “passive defence” building, meant to be a deterrent for possible enemies.”
This explanation does not deviate from the typical average explanations as to how ancient cultures lived, built, and practiced their religious and scientific lives. This approach is of course unable to solve questions like:
- why so many Nuraghes?
- why are they all so similar but weirdly oriented?
- what was their purpose?
By applying the new mathematical theory, The Holistic Orientation Based Dating Method, is the function of the Nuraghes explained as well as the periods they were built. Our conventional history appears to be built on a swamp of misinterpretations, fixed ideas, lies, and most of all the common practice of unscience by the academia.
How the Shifting Crust Relates to Ancient Structures and Ice Ages
Nuraghes Are No Exception
It is generally believed there’s no relation between the Nuraghes and the countless other ancient structures around the world. But that appears to be one of the biggest mistakes science has made over the last centuries. Nuraghes appear to belong to the same global civilization which spanned the entire planet, one of the countless Lost Civilizations. The majority of these structures follow the path of the pole, which ran mainly over Greenland, with a surgical precision.
The whole idea, that ancient cultures are stretching out over hundreds of thousands of years, is awesomely hard to grasp for most people. And that has a reason. We are all relentlessly conditioned at school with the same ideas of ancient history, which is ultimately completely false.
Most archaeologists won’t even ponder a split second on the idea that ancient structures might be hundreds of thousands of years old. Even when remnants of Homo sapiens are found in Marocco that appear to be over 300,000 years old – the penny still doesn’t drop. And that’s because the ruling paradigm is much too tough to break through. Only mathematics has the power to smash tough paradigms to smithereens. It’s then up to yourself to transform your believe system to a higher level.
Ask yourself questions like: why would a 300,000 year old Homo sapiens be less smart than we are today? Because they didn’t went to the same schools as we did? There are insufficient reasons to assume they would be either smarter or dumber than we are. Because if they would be one of both they would be, by definition, another species.
Why the Crust Moved
Geologists say there isn’t any evidence for crustal displacements. But they haven’t looked well enough to their own data. Paleomagnetic records appear to contain tons of data that are pointing not only to magnetic movements but also to movements of the crust. And because one measurement thus contains two variables it cannot be solved without introducing a second completely different measurement.
During the crustal movements the paleomagnetic data show an increased hysteresis. In other words, the paleomagnetic records show a larger spread during periods of crustal unrest, which is of course logical during periods of crustal displacement. Geologists have never found a credible explanation for the varying hysteresis, other than just unexplained “noise” without further examination. It never even dawned on them there is second variable in the game: crustal movements caused by very heavy earthquakes which on their turn are caused by a high eccentric orbit of Earth around the Sun.
Because the Earth, Earth’s inner and also the outer crust are rotating bodies, they will react perpendicularly to the direction of rotation when a force is acted upon them. Exactly like a spinning top does. Because the crust has the highest velocity and is at the same time the lightest part of the Earth, it will react the most fiercely of all the components. That’s why the crust crawled in the latitudinal (vertical) direction.
How the Latitude of Sardinia Changed Over Time
Finding the First Clues on Nuraghes
The theory or method says there were four former geographic poles, called Pole II to Pole V (fig. 3). Our current geographic pole is Pole I. This is not just a hint or an idea, it is mathematically proven. The geographic pole is the spin axis of the Earth. Many people mix this with the magnetic pole.
If the Nuraghes were built during one of these periods, the distances between Sardinia and one of the poles changed significantly, and that has consequences for the solstices. Our first clues are here to be found, and if these other solstice angles show large clusters in the data which correlates with the ancient poles, we have found serious proof of their true age.
And that would mean that the Nuragic culture stretched out over a time span of hundreds of thousands of years, and that this civilization survived not only the periods of stability but also the periods of crustal unrest. And indeed, their Nuraghes appear not only to point massively to the former poles but appear also to follow the path of the pole.
The data which was used from the paper measures of course all orientations with Pole I as the one and only possible reference. These data has to be reprocessed to the Pole II to V to look for correlations.
The Current Winter Solstice of the Sunrise Gives no Clues
The True Age of Chichen Itza and Stonehenge Are Already Proven
As already mathematically proven with Chichen Itza as well as with Stonehenge, were these ancient cultures able to track the solstices with surgical precision. It was probably their calender system to measure the seasons and the days of the years.
A number of the Nuraghes are oriented in between the pole positions. It appears the civilization tracked the shifting crust over the many millenniums. That explains in the simplest way why we find so many Nuraghes spread across the island of Sardinia. The Nuraghes were their instruments, similar as we use satellites today to look what’s happening with the Earth, and we’ve launched thousands of them. Whether they knew what exactly was happening remains of course speculative.
So the first thing we did is to look for clues here. It’s not difficult to see there’s no relation in the data between the Equinox and the Summer Solstice, but the peaks in the data corresponds with the Winter solstice of Pole III for that specific location of Sardinia in regard to the position of Pole III. And the chance for this striking relation to be mere coincidence is negligible.
Pole III Shows a Spike in the Data
When We Measure Pole III Nuraghes Nowadays, They Appear Like This:
Why We Have to Incorporate Errors in the Data
Many data in researches are presented as a fact without giving the correctness a further thought. But we must incorporate the accumulated errors in the data to present reality. We can identify the following influences:
- The error of finding the exact position of the Winter solstice before the Nuragics started to built;
- Once the solstice was established, the orientation had to be incorporated in a Nuraghe as a physical building. Here is again an additional error introduced;
- Natural physical deterioration, the Nuraghes endured environmental influences like heavy rains, storm, floods, earthquakes, and tectonic movements;
- The measuring errors of the researchers.
Quantifying most of the individual errors is difficult. But since we have to take the root of the sum of the squares, inaccuracies in the estimations of the individual errors are dampened, which make wrong estimations in the individual errors less harmful.
How Errors Have to be Included
The Data Deeper Analyzed
spin axis Earth
|Pole I||21.7°-23.5°||118°-123°||9 (3.5%)||1÷19|
|Pole II||21.8°-23.5°||139°-144°||20 (7.7%)||1÷43|
|Pole III||21.6°-23.1°||146°-152°||44 (17.0%)||1÷1,4 billion|
|Pole IV||22.0°-23.7°||159°-165°||26 (10.0%)||1÷220|
|Pole V||21.7°-23.5°||178°-184°||11 (4.2%)||1÷20|
How The Peak Correlates to Pole III
The Probabilities That Peaks Correlate to Ancient Poles
When we look at the graph presented in fig. 4 we see a clear non-random distribution. The peak at 148° (n=15) is extraordinary high when we regard the amount of involved measurements (N=259). If we would be looking at a random distribution, a peak of this size would only occur once in every 76.5 million times. This is why it is clearly not a random distribution, that’s why it is done on purpose.
It is this peak that’s sitting in the middle of Pole III at a tilt angle of 22.1° of Earth’s spin axis. How large are the chances that could be coincidence?
110 of the measured Nuraghes are relating to the poles I to V of the total of 259 measured Nuraghes within a narrowed range of σ95. If we would expand the range over σ100 (taking into account all measured Nuraghes, including the few anomalies) we would be overestimating the probabilities to an unreasonable level, that’s why it is limited to σ95. The center positions of the five poles occupy altogether 33° (118-123, 139-144, 146-152, etc. see table 1) of the 114° (from 98° to 211°) total, while the amount of Nuraghes within that combined range of 33° degrees is 110.
That also is a spike in the data and proves mathematically that Nuraghes were related to the ancient poles, and specifically to the Winter solstice of Pole III.
How the Binomial Formula Can be Applied in This Specific Situation
Correlation Between Simple Nuraghes and Ancient Poles
Selection of Some Nuraghes Which Correspond to Specific Poles
|POLE||Nuraghe name (Town)|
|Pole I||Turriculi (Sassari), Conchedda (Oschiri), Culzu (Torralba), Santu Nicola 1 (Sarroch)|
|Pole II||Bonaggiunta (Bulzi), Masala (Olmedo), Arile (Nule), Corru (Cossoine), Tanca Manna (Nuoro), Badde Figu (Macomer), Luthuli (Orgosolo), Lighei (Sedilo), Biaceddu (Fonni)|
|Pole III||Barrabisa (Palau), Speranza 2 (Sassari), Annaju (Ploaghe), Ozastu (Ardara), Gorropis (Siniscola), Tintinnos (Bonorva), Osala (Orosei), Columbus (Macomer), Campos (Ovodda), Jana (Zerfaliu), Liccu (Siddi), Santu Lorgi (San Vito), Atzoris (Carbonia)|
|Pole IV||Sambinzu (Bonorva), Su Pradu (Orune), Rampinu (Orosei), Luche (Illorai), Orizzanne (Nuoro), Serresi (Sindia), Istorilo (Oniferi), Mascalio (Aidomaggiore)|
|Pole V||Sa Pria (Perfugas), Ruiu (Macomer), Frorissa (Villaurbana), Crastu (Laconi)|
One of my readers asked for help to look into the Nuraghes. I heard about Nuraghes before but had never included them in the data set, because the data set contains only square or rectangle buildings, or large arrays like the Donegal alignment or Carnac which comply with the theory. It appears that the Nuraghes are no exception in the always returning relation between ancient structures and the Poles I to V, wherever we are on Earth.
The Nuraghes are showing the exact same reorientation patterns as the Mayan buildings like for example Chichen Itza. That is one of the reasons why this island is littered with Nuraghes. Every time the crust displaced a bit, a new Nuraghe was built to measure the new Winter solstice. That habit appears to contain a gold mine of data. It also reinforces the theory, because every time when we apply the theory to Chichen Itza, Stonehenge, or in this case the Nuraghes it again appears to correlate up to a surprising high level.
The peak at an azimuth of 148° is closely related to pole III. The large spike in the data proves mathematically that the Nuragic civilization oriented their Nuraghes to the Winter solstice of pole III.
The mathematics behind this study is far too complicated for most of my readers, so I won’t publish these data here, for it would make this already complicated article even more unreadable. By showing some of the drawings I hope to make something clear about this study to the simple Nuraghes.
The studies which are done on the complex Nuraghes appear to reveal astonishing details. Every time, when the theory is applied on ancient structures, the theory appears to be correct and also to explain the (astronomical) use of the astounding ancient buildings.
I leave it up to my readers to conclude what that means for the mainstream ideas of disciplines like archaeology, geology, paleontology, climatology, and history in general. Maybe it is time to rewrite our indoctrinations radically.
Sardinia Became Connected to the Mainland Between Pole III and Pole II
© 2017 by Mario Buildreps
: “On the orientations of Sardinian Nuraghes” by M. Zedda and J.A. Belmonte (2004).
: Establishing the solstice within ±0.5° is not difficult with simple means like two poles and a rope, because the Sun slows down to the solstice point and returns back again.
: After establishing the orientation of the solstice this direction has to be incorporated in the buildings’ specifications. An accuracy of ±1° is a general accepted rule of thumb by the American Concrete Institute.
: Natural physical deterioration can have many causes. It is a factor which has to be valued although the value of ±0.5° is an estimation. Since the Nuraghes are immensely solid constructions it is not in the line of expectations this value will much larger. A second thing to bear in mind is that in most cases the orientation will be much more long lasting than the integrity of the building. The foundation, even if it is lopsided and the building itself has collapsed, the orientation will remain intact within narrow boundaries.
: The measuring errors of the researchers of ±1% is according to ISO standards.