*It is said, by some, that the location coordinates of the Great Pyramid of Giza matches the exact number sequence for the speed of light. Metabunk “debunks” it without making any proper analysis. Who is right and who is wrong?*

## Latitude of Khufu = Speed of Light?

This article explained in a scientific way ** why** it is impossible to level the pyramids of Giza as accurately as it is done with only primitive tools like sticks, stones, ropes, water trenches, and so on.

Egyptologists keep persisting that the builders must have done it with these simple tools, hiding behind empty slogans and fixed ideas. They are entrapped in a preset paradigm. The real scientific facts are different though.

A measuring tool must be *at least two times* as accurate as the building specifications itself. By definition. It has always been known that measuring equipment must be more accurate than the manufacturing process requirements – this is a basic engineering principle.

It is important to understand that as a production process is evaluated, the variation of the gauge is inherently part of the variation observed in the process. Gauge makers apply as a general rule that a gauge must be 10 times as accurate as the product tolerances. So, we are very mild when we only apply a factor of two.

But that is not the only thing. Egyptologists also explain the building accuracy of the pyramids at the present day. They cannot seem to deal with the fact that the Nubian (African) plate on which the pyramids are located has moved since the time they were built. These tiny plate movements must be corrected in the contemporary data of both the levelness and the orientation to find the correct data at the time the pyramids were built.

After correcting the data in the right way we find astounding accuracies which cannot be explained with the proposed simple tools, not even by a factor of 10. So be critical to what Egyptologists claim. They are wrong in virtually every aspect. They might have a monopoly on their “science” of the pyramids, they have no monopoly on mathematics and logic, and on top of that, they are no engineers.

The question is: how probable is the claim that Khufu is built at a latitude that matches the speed of light?

### The Odds For 6 Digits to Match

When we perform simple straightforward calculations there’s a probability of a whopping 1 to 900,000_{[1]} that the claim is false. Does that mean that the odds for Khufu’s latitude to represent the speed of light is very high: 99.99989%? The answer is: NO. Why not? Because that is the straightforward chance that two seemingly unrelated things match to each other. The probability calculation needs to be corrected, and I will explain why.

## Why This Probability Needs Correction

Probability calculations need often corrections, because we pick just one item of many other possible items. For example:

- there are three pyramids,
- there are more scientific constants,
- the Nubian plate shifted about 20 meters Northward since the pyramids were supposed to be built.

So, we must correct the outcome. In that outcome lie all the answers, the naked mathematical truth, kicking down all sacred cows. No matter if these sacred cows are from new age believers or nerdy scientific materialists. Mathematics has no preferences for one of them, mathematics is neutral, but it has to be used correctly.

## Scientific Constants

There are many more constants in physics and mathematics. Constants are numbers like *π, φ*, *e*, *i ^{2}, *speed of light (

*c*), atomic mass (M

_{u}), the gravitational constant (

*G*), electron mass (

*me*), the Planck constant (

*h*), etc.

In physics there are about 400 of these constants. In mathematics there are about 50 constants. If we add them up together we find approximately 450* currently known* scientific constants. But there are many trivial constants which are only known to the most adept experts. The list of really important constants is limited to only about 30 constants, from which the speed of light takes a prominent position. We will take only these constants into account.

So, we have an uncorrected coincidence of 1.111×10^{-6} which has to be downsized with the amount of pyramids (3) and the amount of constants (30). But we have to upgrade that outcome again with the amount of other constants we find in the pyramids, like *π, φ, and e* (3). Why? Because it reinforces the fact that the builders incorporated constants into their buildings.

Probability that the claim is coincidental = 1.111×10^{-6} × 3 × 30 ÷ 3 = 3.33×10^{-5} ≈ **1 to 30,000.**

The outcome is 1 to 30,000 that Khufu’s latitude is coincidental, hence 99.9967% certainty that the pyramids were meant to be built on a location that represents the speed of light.

## Nubian Plate Movement

The Nubian plate moves today about 2 and 5 mm/yr Northward, depending on the plate tectonics model, and is doing that supposedly already for many thousands of years. So, that is over the last 4,500 years between 9 and 22.5 meters North. How does that changed the latitude? The most left 5 digits wouldn’t change, only the sixth digit from the left would change.

The correct calculation looks like this: *plate movement [m]* ÷ *circumference Earth [m]* × *360 [°] *= 9 ÷ 40,075,000 × 360 = 0.000081° or 8.1*10^{-5}°.

That part of the Nubian plate moved Northward, hence was the original latitude more to the South. The top of Khufu is now located at 29.9792°N. That movement in degrees needs to be corrected with -0.000081°, which results in 29.979°N. Many people will write the outcome as 29.979119, but we must neglect to write down the seventh and eighth digits because they’re in the margin of error. The sixth digit must be rounded down to 0, hence it falls away: 29.979119 becomes 29.979.

If the plate moved 22.5 meters North we would find the same value, 29.978997879 becomes 29.979.

Why only five digits? Because geology can only tell us between which boundaries the Nubian plate moved: between 5 and 22.5 meters. That’s why the 5 most left digits are rock solid: 29979. This changes the probability of 1 to 30,000 just mentioned above into 1 to 3,000.

The odds for the claim to be accurate and true is now reduced to **99.9667%.** But this probability is as rock solid as it can get. And it is still a very high probability, especially because we’ve now incorporated many reductions like the amount of pyramids, the amount of constants, and the Nubian plate movement. **The claim is therefore most likely true and correct.**

If this was a stock market, where would you bet your money on: just stories or mathematics? Your choice is the difference between resp. poverty & bondage or richness & liberty. It’s your own free will what you prefer.

## The Consequences

The claim has many consequences. The speed of light is defined in m/s. Location is defined in degrees. The exact way of positioning, up to a few meters, is believed to be just recently possible. Our historians have taught us these were inventions that came much later after the pyramids of Giza.

All these assertions listed below are probably * wrong*.

- meter – officially defined in 1790 in Paris, France.
- second – first coined by the Muslim scholar Al-Biruni in 1000 CE.
- degree – first coined by the Greeks between 250 and 150 BC.
- decimal system – probably originated in Iran around 3,500 BC.
- the circumference of the earth – first known accurate calculations done by Persian Al-Biruni around 1000 CE.
- speed of light in vacuum – first accurate estimate in 1728 done by James Bradley.
- global positioning up to a precision of 5 meters – first possible since 1995.

What is more probable: that we are fooled by an elite or the probability calculation that Khufu’s latitude corresponds to the speed of light? The choice is yours to pick, which is Mythos (just stories) versus Logos (mathematics).

The Egyptian measure, the cubit for example, was defined as: *π – φ*^{2} = 0.52356 (m). But that also is regarded as coincidence by most scholars, because they were not supposed to know *π* or *φ* down to six or more digits, but they had.

Our paradigm is built on falsehood that everything always grows and everything’s getting better. That paradigm is obviously incorrect.

## Conclusion

We see that the probability that Khufu was built at a latitude which represents the speed of light is very high: 99.9667%. Or 0.0333% or 1 to 3,000 it’s coincidence.

To get a sense of proportion how small 1 to 3,000 is, you can perform this experiment for yourself:

- take a dice,
- pick a number you insist to throw and say it out loud, then throw,
- if this was successful, you’re on the level of 1 to 6,
- you still have to repeat that same experiment
*successfully*3 times in a row, so 4 times in total, to get on the level of 1 to 1,296.

The odds for Khufu to stand coincidentally at a latitude that matches five digits of a scientific constant is 1 to 3,000. The message is clear: * it is very likely that Khufu’s latitude represents the speed of light, and that it was meant to be so.* It’s all there, in the numbers. Whether we like it or not.

Since there are a few other, very important, constants incorporated into the pyramids it is very likely the claim is not only true, but also very accurate. Debunkers are unsuccessful in debunking the claim because they haven’t debunked anything on a scientific basis, which they should to be credible. Instead they just mindlessly repeat what everyone already knew. They have failed to include the queen of sciences, mathematics, into their attempts.

Remember also one other thing as well: the likelihood that the claim is true (you know which claim) grows with every failing, scientifically based, debunking attempt. Think twice when you’re debunker!

It also seems to be clear we can toss many history books into the trash can – they are based on twisted narratives. Everyone should make up their own minds about it, but if you base your believe on stories which are passed on, instead of basing it on mathematics, remember the story carousel and how a story changes while it passes on. Be careful where you base your believe system on, your whole perception is built on that.

The tall constructions are shouting out a crystal clear message that most of us still don’t seem to understand: *they were built by a very advanced civilization, far more advanced than ours.*

Only when you have understood the real message you can start to decode its code. Let’s get started!

© 2015-2017 by Mario Buildreps

[1]: The digit 9, the most left digit needs perhaps some explanation. The number we can invoke here is between 1 and 9, because when we invoke a 0, it drops away. The other numbers can vary between 0 and 9, and can therefore take 10 positions, hence the five tens. Back to the most left digit, it can flip from positive to negative, which represent respectively the Northern and Southern hemisphere. So, this digit can take in fact 18 positions. But if we look practical, we can built only something where there’s land. From South Africa whole the way up to Sweden, or from South India to Siberia, or from South America to Canada. From this perspective it is fair to keep a 9 there, instead of an 18. Some might argue you can replace it with a 10, 11, or even a higher number with the argument that alleged pyramids are found on Antarctica. That’s their choice, I prefer the more conservative probability calculations.