What is Stonehenge?
Most people know of Stonehenge – that circular arrangement of rocks in England, a mysterious structure without a seemingly, clear purpose.
Every year, people visit Stonehenge to witness the sunrise at Summer or Winter solstice. Why are they doing this? Because they believe that this was the main purpose of the monument – to verify and celebrate the longest and shortest days of the year.
When the Sun shines through a circular array of many stones, it will always produce many effects that can easily be mistaken for legitimate assessments. People are easily misled by their own preconceived ideas and thus they are unable to see alternatives – even the Truth.
Another fact is that, when one knows when the longest day occurs, one will look for patterns that will gratify one’s own beliefs. Most people are influenced by such wishful thinking.
Many Things Are Said About Stonehenge
We are taught that Stonehenge’s building process took several hundred years. It is also said that it was constructed during the so-called “Neolithic” period. Some of the stones are so tall that everyone still wonders how they were transported from far away because it is believed that the builders had no wheels.
It is also said that there were no labor forces large enough for such an undertaking because the limited population had to hunt and scavenge almost continuously and to prepare food for their survival. Why would they build something as outrageous as Stonehenge when insufficient human resources were available?
It is also said that the bluestones, which are located inside the horseshoe shape, have been quarried in Wales, some 160 miles (240 km) away. The purpose of the monument must have been something magnificent and important that the ancients have expended so much effort into building it. But what was its purpose?
The Purpose of Stonehenge?
That question has finally been answered (by us) with a completely new mathematical theory.
Some official theories abound that could even be partially correct. For instance, it is believed that Stonehenge could be:
- a calendar
- a sacred cemetery
- a sound illusion
Stonehenge does indeed have exceptional sound qualities. Sounds produced in the center, or at the altar, result in such amazing and complicated interference patterns that at some points the sound dies out and at some points, the sound is amplified.
The primary purpose of Stonehenge, however, seems to be that of an ancient calendar. In several logical steps throughout this series of articles, we will show how we think it was used.
Ice Ages Were Earth Crust Displacements
First, we will explain more about Earth’s true history: Our research shows that, over the last 340,000 years, the Earth experienced four latitudinal crustal displacements. Science insists to call these events “glaciation cycles”. Our mathematical Holistic Orientation Based Dating Method proves with 100% certainty that these four crustal displacements have indeed taken place.
Our analytical method uses the orientation of ancient structures around the world to prove how ancient structures and crustal displacements are intimately associated. For most people, our theory is not difficult to grasp. It reveals without a doubt the indisputable proof of a logical connection between ancient history and recurring physical Earth events.
Step 1 – The Symmetry Axis of Stonehenge
Stonehenge is only symmetrical along one specific axis (Fig 3) and symmetry is of importance when you want to use any kind of building as an instrument.
Reason: If symmetry is not introduced into such an instrument, there would be an extra variable in the readings of the measurements. Extra variables make the measurements and their interpretations suddenly significantly more difficult, if not impossible, to solve. Ask any graduated engineer or scientist – everyone will agree.
If Stonehenge were a calendar of some kind, then it would have to be symmetrical with respect to the Cardinals, and that is either North-South or East-West. The direction in which it is symmetrical would decide its ultimate use.
Our problem: It is not possible to match the symmetry axis to our current geographic pole or to one of the current cardinals East-West or North-South.
What happens when we examine the symmetry axis to one of the other ancient geographic poles?
Step 2 – Everything Should be Made as Simple as Possible
The symmetry axis of Stonehenge is rotated 50° counter-clockwise with respect to our current geographical North pole.
The angle of the Summer solstice of the specific latitude where Stonehenge is situated is 39.4°. That is the angle between true East and where the Sun rises at the Summer or Winter solstice.
Because the symmetry axis of Stonehenge is almost aligned towards the Summer solstice, the puzzle was apparently solved a long time ago. But is that true?
Because it is not known exactly how Stonehenge was used, it shows how mistakes might develop in interpreting the monument’s alignment.
The only missing piece of the puzzle seemed to be the discrepancy between 39.4 and 40 degrees because this would result in errors too big to accurately measure the solstices. To determine a solstice with a large stone arrangement, accurately to the day, requires an incredibly precise alignment. A deviation of only 0.6° results in an uncertainty of 12 days. That is because the closer one gets to a solstice, the slower the Sun shifts. The Sun shifts fastest at the Equinox. The math behind this is quite complicated and therefore we will refrain from delving into this matter any further.
In the case of Stonehenge, to accurately measure the summer solstice within ±3 days requires an alignments accuracy of only 0.1° of the monument towards the solstice event. To measure it accurately within a tolerance of one day requires an accuracy of less than 0.05°.
Empiricism Versus Mathematics
Some archaeologists believe that they have found the reason for this discrepancy between 39.4 and 40. If Stonehenge was built some 5,000 years ago, the tilt angle of the Earth was at a slightly higher angle (24.0°) than it is today, which resulted in another solstice angle, by which the ‘experts’ believed to have closed the gap.
But is that so? The facts are pointing to the contrary. The error remains but now it is in the other direction. Are archaeologist bad mathematicians? It appears so.
A tilt angle of 24.0° resulted in a Summer solstice angle of 40.5°. That would make the instrument, at the time it was built, as inaccurate as it is today. It would still be 0.5° off but in the other direction. Quite a large deviation indeed, resulting in an uncertainty of 10 days in determining the solstice.
If Stonehenge were to be a few thousand years older than is estimated today, the error would grow so large that the solstice angle of the monument would be more than 1° off. One degree off would mean an error of about three weeks.
Not a single fact exists supporting the idea that the original symmetry axis of Stonehenge was indeed oriented toward the Summer solstice. That Stonehenge’s orientation angle comes close to the Summer solstice seems to be most likely a play of Mother Nature.
Step 3 – The Only Matching Time Frame for Stonehenge
Therefore, we can easily hypothesize that the alleged alignment of the symmetry axis towards the Summer solstice has been and still is one of the biggest misunderstandings of the exploration of this monument. We state that Stonehenge’s orientation correlates with one of the former proven geographic poles, namely pole IV. There is only about a 20% of a chance for this occurrence to be coincidental. We can posit the claim, with 80% certainty, that Stonehenge’s symmetry axis was aligned to the Equinox, true East-West.
But that likelihood is still outranked by its current, almost matching orientation to the Summer solstice. Since that orientation does not seem to make the monument work, we have investigated another option, namely that Stonehenge had at one time been oriented to the ancient pole IV – and that situates this monument between an astoundingly ancient timeframe of between 240,000 and 270,000 years.
In the next series of articles, we will show what the consequences are for Stonehenge as a calendar when we further amplify this extraordinary claim.
© 2017-2018 by Mario Buildreps
Proofreading and editing: Juergen & Peter Buche