El Castillo (Kukulkan) is the towering icon of Chichen Itza. Our research shows that certain monuments in Chichen Itza, a large pre-Columbian city in Mexico, appear to be oriented to different former geographic poles. Several structures have been reoriented following several shifts of the Earth’s crust. The age of Chichen Itza spans a period of more than 250,000 years. The probability that this claim is NOT true is a whopping 1 to 992,500.
What is Chichen Itza?
Chichen Itza is one of the most important Mayan cities. The site is located on the Yucatán Peninsula in Mexico. The Pyramid of Kukulkan, also called El Castillo, is the towering icon of Chichen Itza.
Academics say that the city was built by the Mayans around 600 A.D., however, recent excavations show that there are structures beneath the current ground level, which suggests that the site could be much older than previously thought.
In former articles, we showed how the orientation of a large collection of pyramids and ancient temples (>590) around the world reveal the locations of former geographic poles. Our analytical method is purely mathematical, which reveals the locations of former geographic poles with probabilities of more than 99.99999%. It is crucial to understand our method described in this article and to thus obtain a clearer vision of the true age of our ancient history.
Chichen Itza has a collection of pyramids and buildings which are oriented in a seemingly chaotic manner. Why is the site organized in such a chaotic manner? What prevented the builders to construct a logical, cardinally oriented city?
When pyramids are oriented to a former geographical pole, as we explain in other articles of this series, this question suddenly starts to make sense. How long ago could this former pole have been there? Not 1,500 years ago, because such a global catastrophic event would not have gone unnoticed and it certainly would have been documented by the Greek and Romans. No, we are talking here about hundreds of thousands of years ago – and that is a stunning conclusion indeed.
Just recently, researchers discovered another pyramid beneath El Castillo. The current El Castillo was built upon an older pyramid, which in turn was built on an even older pyramid. However, the orientation of their foundations never changed.
Chichen Itza was Reconstructed
Topographical Map of Chichen Itza
Table 1: The quantity of monuments on Chichen Itza that correlate with the proven mathematical nodes (Poles I to IV) is exceedingly high. Coincidence is excluded.
Chichen Itza Follows the Shifting Crust
After analyzing the data, it becomes apparent that the monuments of Chichen Itza were not built during the same period. They were built during subsequent time periods, following the deformation cycles of the crust with surgical precision.
A staggering number of monuments, 37 of the total 46, were oriented to one of the former geographic pole positions. The oldest peak of this specific culture is between 240,000 and 270,000 years old and is related to Pole IV. You might want to read the extensive article on the home page to understand this conclusion.
The culture that built the first series of structures, such as the pyramid of Kukulkan, survived the cataclysm when the crust moved from position IV to position III.
After the Earth’s crust stabilized at position III, the culture started to build a new series of monuments, known as the Thousand Columns Group or Grupo Mil Columnas. These monuments were dominantly oriented to Pole III and less dominantly to Pole II and Pole I. The tradition, after each cataclysm, to built new monuments and to orient them to the new pole, appears to be a gold mine to reliably date this site.
How Coincidences Fade Away When Clusters Grow
Why is Chichen Itza Oriented Like This?
Most people, including archaeologists, have never paid any attention to the phenomenon of structural (cardinal) orientations, and might ask: “What do you mean by this?”
If you look at the pyramids of Giza, Borobudur, or the Taj Mahal, to name just a few among the many, you will notice one specific thing:
- They are perfectly oriented to the current geographical pole.
Why? Because every important structure, temple or pyramid is aligned to true North (cardinally aligned).
So, why is El Castillo oriented in this special way? And why is El Caracol, an astronomical observatory, oriented like this? And why are only 6 of the 46 monuments on Chichen Itza cardinally oriented? And why are they not all oriented in the same direction?
The answer is in the numbers. It is the only undisputed proof of their true age.
Most Observatories Are Cardinally Oriented
- Harvard College Observatory (Cambridge)
- Whitin Observatory (Wellesley)
- Holcomb Observatory and Planetarium (Indianapolis)
- Allegheny Observatory (Pittsburgh)
- Dyer Observatory (Brentwood)
- Bradley Observatory (Decatur)
- Yerkes Observatory (Williams Bay)
- Chamberlin Observatory (Denver)
- Sommers-Bausch Observatory (Boulder)
- Mount Laguna Observatory (San Diego)
- Haleakala Observatory (Maui)
- Big Bear Solar Observatory (Big Bear City)
Many cities in the US, like Los Angeles, Chicago, Houston, and Phoenix, are mainly North-South oriented (cardinally aligned). Why is that? If the cities are not cardinally oriented, like New York, or Philadelphia, there was probably a geographic reason for it, like coastlines, rivers, old highways, or mountains ranges. If nothing obstructs or impedes the building process, a cardinal orientation is the only logical thing to do.
For an observatory, a cardinal orientation also seems the only logical thing to do, although these days with modern GPS system, it is not necessary anymore to orient the building in a cardinal direction. But it is still the default value of good proficiency, comparable with the use of terminology among professionals.
A good architect does not only design a functional building, but also a building that is adjusted to the seasonal influences, such as the incidence of light, and the orientation to the rising and setting sun. Most architects have a deep desire to orient North-South or East-West. When an architect designs an observatory, what would be the main things this architect would consider?
- Stability (vibrations disturb the study of celestial bodies)
- Clarity of the atmosphere (pollution disturbs a clear view)
- Orientation (orientation is crucial to distinguish which object is where)
Was Chichen Itza an Astronomical Observatory?
A very long time ago, El Castillo was initially cardinally oriented. Every important structure or pyramid was either once cardinally oriented or still is, as in the case of the pyramids of Giza.
The site of Chichen Itza is that of a huge astronomical observatory that has been rebuilt and reconstructed hundreds of millennia ago, after a series of major global catastrophes. But the foundations never changed its orientation. The renovations were done on top of the old foundations – a practice which is still applied today.
After every earth crust displacement, which was catastrophic over an extended period, the site was restored and enlarged with new pyramids, which were then oriented to a new geographical pole.
Orientation of El Castillo
The towering icon of El Castillo is the main attraction of Chichen Itza. El Castillo is perfectly square. It does not seem to favor any of the four current cardinals.
However, the current El Castillo was built on top of another, older pyramid that is orientated in the same way. Archaeologists only recently discovered this phenomenon.
El Castillo is a so-called step pyramid, with stairs on four sides and a plateau with a ‘temple’ on top. The four flights of stairs have 91 steps each, plus the platform as the last step. In total, El Castillo has 365 (4×91+1) steps, as many as there are days in a year. The pyramid is 30 meters high, including the ‘temple’ and is obviously related to one solar cycle.
Here, we are talking about the orientation of the foundation of the original El Castillo that was renovated by our modern society at the beginning of the 20th century. It was probably renovated many, many times before that, by unknown ancients. It has always been reconstructed upon that same old foundation, which remained oriented to a very ancient North pole.
Same Time Frame as El Castillo – A Selection
|Site||Country||Coordinates||Bearing||Intersection point with Reference Line|
|Great Pyramid of Cholula||Mexico||19.0575N, 98.3019W||24||64.2N, 47.1W|
|Comalcalco||Mexico||18.2780N, 93.2006W||22||64.6N, 47.1W|
|Uxmal||Mexico||20.3583N, 89.772W||21||65.2N, 47.1W|
|Temples of Bagan (medium cluster)||Myanmar||21.183N, 94.891E||-17||61.7N, 47.1W|
|Cerro Colorado||Peru||10.8712S, 77.5308W||14||62.3N, 47.1W|
|Yapahuwa Temple||Sri Lanka||7.816N, 80.312E||-22||62.2N, 47.1W
|Conímbriga||Portugal||40.0992N, 8.4949W||-33||62.4N, 47.1W|
|Al-Rahba castle||Syria||35.1157N, 40.2663E||-32||62.8N, 47.1W
Table 2: Our database shows 64 structures from all over the world that are oriented to and converge on the same nodal location. Above, we show only 8 examples from that selection. The odds that 64 randomly-spread structures cross that same small area coincidentally is less than 0.00000167%.
Orientation of the Base of El Caracol
Orientation of the TOP of El Caracol
Correlation Between Earth Crust Shifts and Ice Ages
Ice Ages Were Earth Crust Displacements
In our comprehensive article “Lost Civilizations and Earth Crust Shifts“, we explain why eccentricity correlates with ice ages. Earth crust displacements correlate with the ‘descending edge’ of the glaciation graphs and correlate 1:1 with the eccentricity cycles.
We are, in fact, talking here about three aspects resulting in the same phenomenon:
- Latitudinal Earth Crust Displacements = Ice Ages
- Ice Ages = Eccentric Orbit of Earth
- Eccentric Orbit Earth = Latitudinal Earth Crust Displacements
Humanity is much older than we have learned in school. The paradigm of “history,” imprinted in our brains from our early youth, is nothing more than a thick veil of ignorance.
The Use of El Caracol Explained in Detail
© 2016-2018 by Mario Buildreps et al.
Proofreading and editing: J.B.